The oldest human settlements found in the territory of Maratea are those of the Fiumicello caves, where speleological research has found finds of lithic industry, such as scrapers and splinters of quartzite, dating back to the Middle Paleolithic; and remains of Pleistocene fauna, including those of a Rhinoceros spaelaeus.

Early History

Although the Fiumicello caves were used as burial places until the Bronze Age, in the proto-historic period, the small promontory of Capo la Timpa became a meeting point between the first navigators of the Mediterranean and the peoples natives of Lucania.

The first Village

In the XV-XVI century BC the first village was born, located right on the southern slopes of the promontory, made of huts with a central hearth, brought to light by the archaeological excavations conducted between 1989 and 1991 by dr. P. Bottini.
The inhabitants, probably transhumant shepherds of the so-called "Apennine culture" dedicated to trade following the Mycenaean navigations, lived maritime traffic established with the neighboring Aeolian Islands and surrounding areas, acting as intermediaries between navigators and populations of the interior.

Epoca antica

After an apparent abandonment of the site, which took place after the foundation of the first Magno-Greek colonies, in the 4th century BC the village produced bricks and imported goods in pottery, as evidenced by the findings of fragments of Greek-Italian, Greek-oriental amphorae, black-painted pottery and glass paste, evidence of trades that went from Greece itself to Siritide.

So far, the archaeological research has not clarified where the necropolis or the sea landing corresponding to the settlement on the promontory are to be located, although probable indications indicate that the area known as the Maremorto, where in the modern era a docks were built, was the port corresponding to the village.

Instead, a necropolis was found in the current village of Castrocucco, whose chronology extends from the IV-V century BC. until the Middle Ages.
In the plain of Massa has been found a farm with adjoining production plant, whose attendance goes back to the Roman age.

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